Arabian horses are one of the oldest breeds of horses, which makes them super special to have! They are very intelligent horses that have a unique appearance. Caring for your Arabian horse is essential to maintaining its health and happiness. To keep your horse happy, you must provide adequate housing and feed it properly. Basic mane, coat, and hoof care are also necessary to keeping it healthy and happy.
Provide a large pasture.
Because of their high intelligence, Arabian horses require a large pasture to roam and forage in. Use metal or wooden fencing that is at least 5 feet (1.5 m) tall to keep your horse in the pasture. Avoid using barbwire or any other high tensile wire fencing. These can cause serious injury to your horse if they get their legs caught. The pasture must also have level ground and shelter for the horse to escape the elements. Make sure the pasture does not flood, or contain standing water or muddy areas.
Adequate shelter includes trees, a shed, ravines, or rock overhangs.
Remove feces from the pasture regularly.
Remove poisonous plants and weeds such as ragwort, yew, deadly nightshade, buttercups, foxgloves, oak leaves and acorns, meadow saffron, and other poisonous plants from the area.
Shelter your horse in a run.
A run is a fenced, outdoor area that has a man-made shelter attached to it. The shelter must have a roof and three sides. You will need to clean the run of feces and other debris every day.
House your horse in a barn stall.
The stall that you keep your Arabian horse in must be at least 12 by 12 feet (3.7 m × 3.7 m). It should be equipped with bedding such as saw dust, wood shavings, or straw, and two buckets of fresh, clean water. Take your horse out of the stall for daily exercise, socialization, grooming, and stimulation.
The bedding should consist of dry wood and straw shavings. Change the bedding once it becomes soiled or wet.
Make sure there is a caretaker on hand if you keep your horse in someone else’s barn.
Feed your horse 1 to 1.5 percent of its body weight.
About 80 to 90 percent of your Arabian horse’s diet should consist of forage. Arabian horses require non-irrigated pasture and grass hay to forage in. However, you can supplement your horse’s diet with grain like barley, corn, and oats.
Feed your horse grain according to the package instructions or per your vet’s orders.
For example, if your horse weighs 250 pounds (110 kg), then it should be eating 2.5 to 3.75 pounds (1.13 to 1.70 kg) of food daily.
Use a fence to divide the pasture into four or more, one-acre sections.
This way you can maintain the quality of the pasture for foraging. Allow your horse to forage in a section at a time. Once your horse has eaten all of the grass and hay in one section, rotate it to the next section.
Rotating your horse in sections will allow the grass to regrow.
If you only have an acre of land, then divide the land into two sections. Once your horse has eaten the grass down to 3 inches (7.6 cm), move it to the other section.
Try to keep one or two horses per acre. More than that will overgraze the pasture.
Provide clean, fresh water daily.
Horses drink 5 to 10 gallons (19 to 38 L) of water per day. However, how much your horse drinks depends on its activity and the weather. Your horse should have access to fresh, unfrozen water at all times. It is a good idea to invest in a quality watering system.
For example, during the summer months, you may need to provide more water.
Prevent obesity with daily exercise.
If you keep your horse in a barn, you will need to take it out for exercise and stimulation daily, especially Arabian horses. Maneuver your horse through traffic cones. Take it riding through pastures and on horse trails at least once week.
Provide toys like horse balls for extra stimulation.
Consider lunging your horse from the ground to help it get extra cardio.
Have the dentist visit regularly.
Dental health is important to keeping your horse eating and healthy. If your horse is two to five years of age, have a dentist come and check its teeth every six months. If your horse is five years or older, have a dentist come and check its teeth once a year.
If your regular veterinarian does not provide dental care, ask for a referral. Ask the dentist for certification to ensure that they have been properly trained in horse dentistry.
Start by currying your Arabian horse.
Currying brings dust and dirt to the surface. Use a high-quality, rubber curry comb. Working from the head to the hind quarters, curry your Arabian horse in circular motions. Gently curry over bony areas such as the hips and shoulders.
Avoid using a metal curry comb. These can scratch your horse and cause discomfort.
Remove additional dirt and dust with a medium stiff, flick brush.
Working from the head to the hindquarters, use short strokes and flicking hand movements to remove additional dirt from your horse’s coat. Brush your Arabian horse’s entire body until all of the dirt and dust is removed.
Use a smooth finishing brush to add shine to its coat.
A high-quality, natural bristle brush works best. Using long, even strokes, brush your Arabian horse’s coat from the head to its hindquarters. Make sure to brush its entire body, including the legs, knees, and the hock.
Brush its face with a very soft brush.
Brushing in the direction of the hair growth, gently brush your Arabian horse’s face. Brush the top of the nose, forehead, cheeks, and around the eyes.
Use a finishing brush or a small head and face brush.
Comb its mane and tail.
First, separate the mane and tail hairs with your fingers, also known as hand combing. Pull out pieces of dirt and debris as you hand comb its hair. Then spray your Arabian horse’s hair with a detangler. Holding the hair at the root, slowly comb it from the root down. Gently work through tangles and snags.
Keep your Arabian horse’s mane and tail long. You can achieve this by braiding them to keep them from breaking.
Look into a tail bag to protect your Arabian’s tail and keep it nice before shows.
Lift up the hoof.
Facing your Arabian horse’s rear, stand next to the leg with the hoof that will be picked. Lean into your horse’s body to shift its weight off of the hoof. Run your hand down its leg to its foot. Using one hand, lift up the foot and bend it at a natural angle.
Use a hoof pick to clean the hoof daily.
Working from the heel toward the toe, use the pick to remove dirt and debris from the bottom of the foot. After all of the dirt and debris is removed, use a stiff hoof brush to remove dirt from the sides of the hoof.
Trim its hooves every four to six weeks.
Every four to six weeks, have a farrier come and trim your Arabian horse’s hooves. However, you may need to have the farrier visit more often. How often you have your horse’s hooves trimmed depends on its age, environment, management, and nutrition.
For example, younger and older Arabian horses may need to have their hooves trimmed more frequently.